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DRC: public expenditure, the nine orientations of the 2020 budget policy

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DRC: public expenditure, the nine orientations of the 2020 budget policy

Public spending for the 2020 financial year is based on the priorities of the Head of State’s vision as reflected in his inaugural address and his 100-day program. These include: securing the national territory; improvement of the social conditions of the population; the economic development of the country; and the protection of the environment.

Compared to budget allocations reflected in the Medium-Term Budget Framework (MTBF) 2020-2022, Zoom Eco reviews the nine main orientations of the National Executive’s fiscal policy.

1. Health sector. The main actions envisaged are set out in the National Health Development Plan (PNDS) currently being implemented, and aim at increasing the supply of quality primary health care, for increased accessibility to health services with a view to to ensure the universal health coverage of the population. For the period 2020-2022, the intervention strategy in this sector is based on the three main axes, namely, the fight against epidemics, endemic diseases and non-communicable diseases, the acquisition of generic drugs essential for the supply of the various health zones, as well as the acquisition of the infrastructures and equipment of the general reference hospitals and health centers.

 

2. Primary, secondary and vocational education. The government’s policy will be to increase access, equity and retention, improve quality and relevance, and strengthen the governance of the education system, including through free basic education as advocated by the Constitution.

 

3. Agriculture, fishing and farming. The actions will focus on the development of animal, plant, fisheries and aquatic sectors, the management of food security and strategic food reserves as well as the governance of the agricultural sector.

 

4. Rural development. The actions will focus on the rehabilitation and maintenance of agricultural feeder roads, the supply of drinking water to the rural world through the construction of boreholes as well as the maintenance and rehabilitation of water works, the continuation of the implementation of the Photovoltaic rural electrification program in the territories, as well as the continuation of the implementation of the rural electrification program of the territorial capitals.

 

5. In the infrastructure sector. The Government’s actions will focus on the construction of grade separation at selected sites, the rehabilitation of roads and urban roads, the construction of ferries to facilitate the crossing of lakes and large rivers, the construction of new roads and the construction of new roads. repair of related works, as well as the fight against erosions.

 

6. Transport. The government is aiming for the development of an integrated multimodal transport system capable of linking all the economic poles of the country. For the realization of this objective, the main actions will include: the deployment of TRANSCO within the country, the acquisition of passenger cars for the SNCC, the rehabilitation of railways, airports and aerodromes, the acquisition of equipment and equipment for monitoring the navigation of the sea, river and lake routes and the acquisition of vessels for the Congolese Maritime Lines and the dredging of the seabase.

 

7. Energy. The government intends to improve the access of the population to urban drinking water and electricity, by the construction of micro-electric power plants, the rehabilitation of urban distribution networks, and the rehabilitation of public lighting in large cities. arteries. The Government’s efforts will also focus on accelerating the implementation of the Inga Grand Project.

 

8. Justice. The government pursues the objective of guaranteeing the fundamental rights and freedoms of citizens and revitalizing the judicial system, by building courthouses, commercial courts and juvenile courts in provincial capitals, and central prisons and detention camps in the territories.

 

9. Defense and Security Services. The government’s policy aims at the modernization of the Army and the Police through the implementation of the programming laws of these sectors, with a view to securing our borders, protecting people and their property, and computerizing management of migratory flows, in particular to improve the control of the stay of foreigners.

According to Pierre Kangudia, these spending policy guidelines « take into account sectoral strategies and the imperative of financing the major reforms needed to improve the country’s governance, boost the economy and increase people’s well-being. Congolese.  »

Emilie MBOYO

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DRC: the « education » project will be submitted to the WB Board of Directors in February 2020

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DRC: Education project to be submitted to World Bank Board in February 2020

The Government’s emergency project on free « Basic Education » will be submitted to the World Bank’s Executive Board in February 2020. According to the Vice President for Africa, Hafez Ghanem, preparations are being intensified to ensure that this deadline is met.

« We are working very quickly on this education project. And we plan to bring this project to our Council as early as February. Regarding the height of the amount, we are in the process of making evaluations. It’s going to be a big amount, around a billion US dollars, » he told reporters at the end of his meeting with the Congolese delegation led by Finance Minister José Sele Yalaghuli.

Indeed, this emergency project is part of World Bank support for the Government’s efforts to provide free basic education, the implementation of which began last September.

To relieve the pressure on public finances to allocate at least US$25-37 million each month, the World Bank has pledged to support the Congolese Government in this regard.

https://twitter.com/Zoom_eco/status/1184909044315758593?s=20In line with the commitment of the Head of State, Felix Antoine Tshisekedi, and the President of the World Bank, David Malpass, the Minister of Finance, José Sele Yalaghuli, has clearly indicated the Congolese Government’s firm desire to see the process speed up so that funds are released within an acceptable time frame.

« This is the right time for the partners of DR Congo to match the real political will of the Congolese national executive to meet one of the aspects of the World Bank’s mandate, namely: the fight against poverty, » he said at a previous meeting with the World Bank delegation led by Jean-Christophe Carret.

With regard to the health coverage programme, Hafez Ghanem reiterated his institution’s commitment to continue working alongside the Democratic Republic of Congo, particularly in the fight against Ebola.

 

He added: « We will also work with the Government on a new health programme to strengthen basic health centres and improve access to health across the country. »

However, he gave no indication of the amount of funding for this health programme, especially since it is currently under study.

As a reminder, the delegations of DR Congo and the World Bank held a working meeting on Thursday 17 October 2019 in Washington DC. Experts from both sides, led by José Sele Yalaghuli and Hafez Ghanem respectively, reviewed ongoing projects within the World Bank portfolio and those under preparation.

In addition to education and health, projects related to infrastructure, connectivity (roads) and the digital economy were also discussed.

Eric TSHIKUMA, from Washington

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DRC: the three axes of the Accelerated Programme to Combat Poverty and Inequality

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DRC: the three axes of the Accelerated Programme to Combat Poverty and Inequality

The President of the Republic launched his Accelerated Programme to Combat Poverty and Inequality in Kinshasa on Wednesday 16 October at the site of my valley in the commune of Mongafula.

This Programme aims to ensure that twenty million Congolese living in rural and peri-urban areas in the 145 territories of our country leave poverty or extreme poverty within the next 5 years.

It has three components: improving rural and peri-urban populations’ access to basic socio-economic infrastructure and services; promoting rural and peri-urban economies; and building capacity in managing for development results at the national, provincial and local levels.

The first component aims to increase the population’s access to basic services such as housing, electricity through the promotion of micro hydroelectric power plants, drinking water, health and agricultural access roads. This list is not exhaustive.

The second component aims to ensure that people in villages and peri-urban neighbourhoods have improved and stable sources of income and that they consume at least one balanced meal per day. This component will place particular emphasis on promoting inclusive agricultural sectors.

The third component aims to develop a culture of autonomy, which will result in the appropriation of development by the beneficiary populations, the strengthening of self-esteem, meritocracy and a motivated attachment to their living environment.

Substantial resources for this ambitious program!

« The Programme, the main components of which I have just unveiled, requires ambitious funding over several years, » said Félix Tshisekedi, aware of these challenges. In the face of such an ambition, the Head of State asks the Government to spare no effort to explore all possible avenues likely to provide the means for this saving action for the people.

It is with this in mind that the last Council of Ministers adopted the hypothesis of a budget reaching the 10 billion mark.

In addition, Félix Tshisekedi intends to engage the country in far-reaching reforms ranging from the rebuilding of the state with justice as the epicentre to the sectors of national life.

This is how he makes his main focus the fight against anti-values, particularly corruption, embezzlement of public funds, tax fraud, smuggling and tribalism. And all means will be used to ensure that all State revenues are channelled into the Public Treasury.

Finally, to make this programme a success, the President of the Republic is counting on the involvement of all his compatriots, beyond the divisions.
political.

Harris Kasongo

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DRC: Economic and financial situation at the heart of a meeting at the World Bank

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DRC: Economic and financial situation at the heart of a meeting at the World Bank

The economic situation in DR Congo is the focus of a meeting on Thursday 17 October 2019 at the World Bank’s headquarters in Washington DC. The Minister of Finance, José Sele Yalaghuli, leads the delegation of Congolese experts.

In his presentation, the national silversmith described a macroeconomic framework for DR Congo that has remained stable.

Despite accumulated deficits of 420 billion Congolese francs at the end of September 2019, domestic prices and the exchange rate fluctuated slightly. And at this rate, the Government reports inflation of 4.2% at the end of December 2019, which is below the 7% end of period forecast level.

Referring to the strategic and political orientations of the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Minister Sele Yalaghuli cited in particular the tightening of public spending in order to limit deficits and the subscription of treasury bonds with the ambition of mobilizing 150 billion CDF by the end of 2019 to fill the gaps.

The first results are promising, especially since a small monthly budget surplus was recorded at the end of September 2019.

Moreover, added Sele Yalaghuli, the third orientation concerns the Government’s firm commitment to pursue the implementation of reforms with the support of partners to remove obstacles sector by sector and to be able to remedy them.

With regard to cooperation between the Congo DR and the Bretton Woods institutions. After the break-up of the formal programme with the IMF in 2012, the ongoing recovery strategy of the current discussions is based on two options.

First, the interim program. Then, the formal program. If the first one will cover the preparation period of the second one, the conclusion of the formal programme could take place after the third quarter of 2020.

« This is the right time for the partners of DR Congo to match the real political will of the Congolese national executive to meet one of the aspects of the World Bank’s mandate, namely: the fight against poverty, » José Sele Yalaghuli said, addressing the World Bank delegation led by Jean-Christophe Carret.

With the World Bank, experts from DR Congo are working on preparations and options to initiate disbursement of funds for the Government’s priority sectors on are: basic education and universal health coverage.

This interaction with World Bank teams continued, with Hafez Ghanem, Vice President in charge of the Africa region, as the focus.

Eric TSHIKUMA, from Washington DC

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