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Kinshasa: Two legal arguments motivate Ngobila’s decree designating mayors



Kinshasa: Two legal arguments motivate Ngobila's decree designating mayors

[ANALYSIS] – Primo. The Head of State can no longer appoint burgomasters by Decree-Law pursuant to Article 126 of Law 08/016 of 7 October 2008 on the composition, organization and functioning of ETDs and their relations with the provinces. Second. The relevant provisions of the Law on the Free Administration of the Provinces give the governor the powers to exercise guardianship over ETDs.

Order No. 241 issued by the governor of the city of Kinshasa Gentiny Ngobila on August 20, 2019 permuting the mayors and temporarily appointing some mayors of the communes of the city-province of Kinshasa raised a legal debate within the opinion.

Those who felt that it was not competent to make such a decision concerning the mayors and their assistants are wrong as long as the legal and regulatory texts in force cover it.

Indeed, everything starts from the article 126 of the Law 08/016 of October 7, 2008 on the composition organization and functioning of ETD and their relations with the provinces.

If this article provides that, pending the local and municipal elections, the authorities of the different ETDs are managed in accordance with the provisions of Decree-Law No. 082 of 2 July 1998 on the status of the authorities responsible for the administration of territorial constituencies, it specifies however, it is the President of the Republic who appoints the bourgmestres.

Avoiding a constitutional scandal to the Head of State

Some jurists are of the opinion that the Decree Law is contrary to the current Constitution. Currently, the President of the Republic acts by Ordinance and can not appoint the mayors by decree or decree-law. Moreover, local and municipal elections are organized by an electoral law and a calendar.

Considering this aspect of things, analysts wonder, the president of the Republic would not violate the Constitution by appointing the mayors today? The constitutional scandal would not exist if the head of state personally appointed bourgmestres in the current context? Should we not accuse him of sending back sine die the organization of local and municipal?

Obviously, the constitutional context has changed. The head of state, acting by ordinance, can not issue a decree. In the face of this legal vacuum, lawyers are leaning towards an interim, transitional situation, where the governor can act by appointing interim mayors.

An action that can intervene in case of urgent or exceptional situation in order to reinvigorate the ETD under his tutelage in mal mal operation for lack of facilitators.

Respect for the Free Administration of the Provinces

Several provisions of the Law on the Free Administration of the Provinces tend to give reason to Governor Gentiny Ngobila, who is no stranger to the communes, of the decentralized services placed under his authority. They also define how to coordinate, oversee and ensure the continuity of public services of the state.

Article 28 states that « the governor has the public administration in the provinces. As such, all national and provincial public services in the province are under his authority. And under article 63 of the same law, « the provincial governor represents the central government in the provinces. It ensures, in this context, the safeguarding of the national interest, the respect of the laws and regulations of the Republic, and ensures the security and the public order in the province. « 

Moreover, article 64, which deals with matters within the exclusive competence of the Central Power, adds a new argument that the provincial governor coordinates and supervises the services that come under the authority of the Central Power.

In the exercise of its mission of representation of the central government and coordination of decentralized services in the provinces, the governor responds to the central government, adds article 65 of the same law.

Finally, Articles 95 and 96 state that « The provincial governor exercises guardianship over ETDs. And that « guardianship over ETDs is exercised through ex ante control or ex post facto control. «

As much as the governor exerts a control a priori on the communes and the power of supervision or disciplinary on the bourgmestres, as much it represents the central power in the province. As much as it has the power to swap these or to designate them provisionally.

In fact, Governor Ngobila’s decree mentions the need to reinvigorate the governance of ETDs and to fill vacancies created by legislative elections in the province and to ensure the continuity of the state, pending local and municipal elections.

This is the case of the communes of Maluku, Kinshasa and Gombe whose former holders have passed deputies.


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DRC: USD 100 million for the construction of the major cultural centre for Central Africa



DRC: USD 100 million for the construction of the major cultural centre for Central Africa

Prime Minister Ilunkamba has just authorized, on Monday, October 14, 2019, the Minister of Urban Planning and Housing Then Mwabilu and the Minister of State for International Cooperation Guillaume Manjolo to sign two orders.

This, after his visit to the site where the great Cultural and Artistic Centre of Central Africa will be built as well as the INA Buildings, the National Institute of Arts, where he ordered the resumption of work.

DRC: USD 100 million for the construction of the major cultural centre for Central Africa

The first decree concerns the postponement of the decree of 14 October 2016 and the second concerns the decommissioning of a portion of land in favour of Sino-Congolese cooperation.

The Chinese company BEIJING URBAN CONSTRUCTION GROUP is in charge of building this large Centre for 30 months. The cost of the work is estimated at US$100 million.

After this visit to the field, the head of the Ilunga Ilunkamba Government himself presided over the signing ceremony of these two ministerial decrees for the implementation of the Chinese government’s donation to the DRC.


There was talk of ending the superposition of orders first by repealing the one that granted the same concession to Richesse Taylor.

DRC: USD 100 million for the construction of the major cultural centre for Central Africa

It should be noted that the cultural and artistic centre, one of the largest in Central Africa, will constitute, according to the Minister of State for Cooperation Guillaume Mandjolo, an innovative source for the public treasury and restore the DRC’s position as a leader in the world of African culture.

This large Centre will be located between the triumphal boulevard and Assossa avenues, a few metres from the People’s Palace.

The construction of this important cultural building includes the large 2,000-seat theatre, the small 800-seat theatre, meeting rooms, the gymnasium and a car park.

Nadine FULA

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DRC: in 2020, Goma will host the « NiNyumbani » development fair



DRC: in 2020, Goma will host the "NiNyumbani" development fair

The capital of North Kivu province will host in 2020, a development fair entitled: « NINYUMBANI », which means « at home » in Swahili. It is the initiative of a young native of Greater Kivu, Marc Lanoy Kasongo, entrepreneur and founder of OPLUS, a communication, marketing and advertising company.

« NiNyumbani » is an event that brings together different decision-makers from the DRC and the Great Lakes Region around reflections aimed at a clear and achievable future.

It is a platform whose mission is to create a common front against the many challenges related to unemployment, education, access to electricity and water, as well as agricultural and road infrastructure.

This exhibition, which is part of a community development process, is organized once a year around a central theme on which different themes focus on economic opportunities and emerging concerns in the region in order to propose practical solutions that can be applied at cost, in the medium and long term.

This activity is expected to welcome 500 exhibitors from different fields of activity; among others, economic operators, entrepreneurs, state institutions, banks, start-up managers, incubators, civil society and universities, opinion leaders, etc.

In addition to exhibitions, the programme also includes conferences.

DRC: in 2020, Goma will host the "NiNyumbani" development fair« This fair is also being set up to give a new image to our Dear City of Goma and the long-suffering province of North Kivu, whose image is being tarnished both inside and outside the country. We want to demonstrate here the potential of our province, and what we can bring to the development of our country, » explained Marc L. Kasongo, who is in Kinshasa for contacts around the organization of this major Rendez-vous.

To him he added, « we also want to give everyone, whatever their social rank, the opportunity to come and present their products and services, because we aim for development at the grassroots level. NINYUMBANI is our common home, » added the initiator of the activity.

For Marc Lanoy Kasongo, several results are expected from this exhibition.

The aim is to propose solutions to the fundamental development challenges in Greater Kivu and the DRC; to propose new business, industry and investment opportunities and strategies in Greater Kivu and the DRC; to create partnerships between stakeholders; to connect decision-makers in the sub-region; and to create a practical solution through work.

This exhibition, whose date remains to be determined, can only be possible thanks to the contribution of the Congolese, from which Marc Kasongo solicits the involvement of the authorities and mainly the Head of State, who has made the promotion of youth his main concern.


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Global: Global value chains have stimulated growth but the momentum is running out of steam!



Global: Global value chains have stimulated growth but the momentum is running out of steam!

The World Bank Group published a new report on October 8, 2019 in Washington, D.C., USA. This World Development Report 2020 focuses on trade for development in an era of globalized value chains. It details strategies that will enable developing countries to improve their performance for the benefit of their populations by undertaking reforms that will stimulate their participation in global value chains.

The paper highlights that global value chains or GVCs can continue to stimulate growth, create better jobs and reduce poverty, provided that developing countries undertake deeper reforms and that industrialized countries implement open and predictable policies.

It clearly shows that in an era of globalization, companies can no longer do everything, they specialize and no longer have to produce the entirety of a good on their own.

This book assesses the contribution of VCMs to growth, employment and poverty reduction, but also to inequality and environmental degradation. It also explains how national policies can boost trade growth and ensure that VCMs participate in, rather than oppose, sustainable development. It identifies the shortcomings of the international trading system that have led to dissension between countries, and proposes a roadmap for addressing them through enhanced international cooperation.

This report reveals that it is no longer so obvious today that trade remains an engine of prosperity, this World Bank report points out. Since the 2008 global financial crisis, trade growth has been sluggish and VCM expansion has slowed. The last decade has not seen transformative events comparable to those of the 1990s. Here we are referring to the integration of China and Eastern Europe into the global economy. Two factors are at the root of this slowdown. First, the introduction of labour-saving technologies such as automation and 3D printing could bring production closer to the consumer and reduce the demand for labour both within and outside countries. Secondly, trade conflicts between large countries could lead to a contraction or segmentation of VCMs.

According to this report, global value chains have a positive impact on development.
First, they increase productivity and growth: a 1% increase in participation in global value chains is estimated to increase per capita income by more than 1%, almost twice as much as the gains induced by traditional trade. In Ethiopia, companies engaged in these globalized sectors are twice as productive as their counterparts operating in traditional trade.

Second, they reduce poverty: since the impact of the rise of global value chains on economic growth is greater than that of trade in finished products, their impact on poverty reduction is also greater. Countries such as Mexico and Viet Nam, which are more actively involved in global value chains, have achieved better results in the fight against poverty.

Third, they improve the quality of jobs: firms operating in global value chains attract labour to more productive activities in manufacturing and services, and generally employ more women, thus contributing to the structural transformation of developing countries.
In addition to these positive effects, however, it is noted that VCMs can also have negative effects on the environment. The main environmental costs for VCMs are related to the growth in trade in intermediate goods, and the increase in distances travelled, compared to traditional trade. Their effects include increased carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions associated with transportation (compared to traditional trade) and excess waste.

Nadine Fula

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