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Serge Maabe: « the DRC must have a National Strategy Agency »



The economist-political scientist, Serge Maabe Muanyimi, said the DR Congo urgently needs a National Strategy Agency. The latter will have the mission to work to improve its reflected and reflected image. He made this recommendation at the end of the conference-debate organized on June 15, 2019, by the Think Thank « ISHANGO ». It was in the showbuzz room in Kinshasa.

Indeed, the sub-theme developed by this speaker focused on « the state strategist. To situate where the Congolese state is, Serge Maabe spoke about the ranking of the IFRI 2018 which aligns the DRC to the second rank in the list of « failed states ».

This is due in part to the quality of governance and the lack of a national strategy which also leads to the low appeal of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), which reached a level of 282 million in 2017, where Mexico attracted 5, 019 billions of US dollars.

« The strategist state for us is a state that transcends, that goes beyond the short-term to embrace a long-term vision. It is a state based on inclusive institutions, on a strategic vision of its future. You have to have a strategy agency like the other states do. Not strategies that are standard-standards emanating from international organizations. But strategies that emerge from the vision of the sons and daughters of the DRC », said Serge Maabe.

As a result, it is necessary for the Congolese intellectual elite to reflect on the future of their country in the long term. This will lead to the definition of appropriate strategies, which will be the DRC to be considered by others as a strategist state, that is to say, respectable.

In other words, the DRC must be built on its identity, on its culture, on its moral resources, on its scientific and educational resources, … so that it is in the future a competitive country against the states of the sub -region, continent and world.

To the speaker added: « the state strategist must rely essentially on a paradigm of intelligence. Because we have found that the current new techno-economic paradigm is based on activities with increasing returns and not on activities with decreasing returns such as the exploitation of natural resources that are exhaustible. Thus, the activities with increasing yield must be valued by the state so that its viability in the long term remains perennial. « 

Referring to the characteristics of a strategist state, he cited the clear vision on national policy, investment in activities with increasing returns, the wealth-power association, the administration built to strengthen the State Authority , coaching and promoting entrepreneurship, long-term work.

« As the springs of a strategic state, there is the human capital, the quality of social services, the moral resources, the need to work on the brand image. Collective emotions can be used to cement culture for other states to respect », said Serge Maabe.

This masterful event of knowledge was attended by more than a hundred Congolese intellectuals and the debate was simply high.

As a reminder, ISHANGO is an association created at the initiative of some Congolese intellectuals. It is a Think Tank whose main objective is to promote the emergence of a Knowledge Society in the DRC as a response to the problem of underdevelopment, in a world in profound change.

This initiative also aims to contribute to building a society of excellence in all areas of national life to build a consensual project on the collective future. This, beyond any political cleavage.

ISHANGO’s motto is to educate or perish.


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DRC: the « education » project will be submitted to the WB Board of Directors in February 2020



DRC: Education project to be submitted to World Bank Board in February 2020

The Government’s emergency project on free « Basic Education » will be submitted to the World Bank’s Executive Board in February 2020. According to the Vice President for Africa, Hafez Ghanem, preparations are being intensified to ensure that this deadline is met.

« We are working very quickly on this education project. And we plan to bring this project to our Council as early as February. Regarding the height of the amount, we are in the process of making evaluations. It’s going to be a big amount, around a billion US dollars, » he told reporters at the end of his meeting with the Congolese delegation led by Finance Minister José Sele Yalaghuli.

Indeed, this emergency project is part of World Bank support for the Government’s efforts to provide free basic education, the implementation of which began last September.

To relieve the pressure on public finances to allocate at least US$25-37 million each month, the World Bank has pledged to support the Congolese Government in this regard. line with the commitment of the Head of State, Felix Antoine Tshisekedi, and the President of the World Bank, David Malpass, the Minister of Finance, José Sele Yalaghuli, has clearly indicated the Congolese Government’s firm desire to see the process speed up so that funds are released within an acceptable time frame.

« This is the right time for the partners of DR Congo to match the real political will of the Congolese national executive to meet one of the aspects of the World Bank’s mandate, namely: the fight against poverty, » he said at a previous meeting with the World Bank delegation led by Jean-Christophe Carret.

With regard to the health coverage programme, Hafez Ghanem reiterated his institution’s commitment to continue working alongside the Democratic Republic of Congo, particularly in the fight against Ebola.


He added: « We will also work with the Government on a new health programme to strengthen basic health centres and improve access to health across the country. »

However, he gave no indication of the amount of funding for this health programme, especially since it is currently under study.

As a reminder, the delegations of DR Congo and the World Bank held a working meeting on Thursday 17 October 2019 in Washington DC. Experts from both sides, led by José Sele Yalaghuli and Hafez Ghanem respectively, reviewed ongoing projects within the World Bank portfolio and those under preparation.

In addition to education and health, projects related to infrastructure, connectivity (roads) and the digital economy were also discussed.

Eric TSHIKUMA, from Washington

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DRC: the three axes of the Accelerated Programme to Combat Poverty and Inequality



DRC: the three axes of the Accelerated Programme to Combat Poverty and Inequality

The President of the Republic launched his Accelerated Programme to Combat Poverty and Inequality in Kinshasa on Wednesday 16 October at the site of my valley in the commune of Mongafula.

This Programme aims to ensure that twenty million Congolese living in rural and peri-urban areas in the 145 territories of our country leave poverty or extreme poverty within the next 5 years.

It has three components: improving rural and peri-urban populations’ access to basic socio-economic infrastructure and services; promoting rural and peri-urban economies; and building capacity in managing for development results at the national, provincial and local levels.

The first component aims to increase the population’s access to basic services such as housing, electricity through the promotion of micro hydroelectric power plants, drinking water, health and agricultural access roads. This list is not exhaustive.

The second component aims to ensure that people in villages and peri-urban neighbourhoods have improved and stable sources of income and that they consume at least one balanced meal per day. This component will place particular emphasis on promoting inclusive agricultural sectors.

The third component aims to develop a culture of autonomy, which will result in the appropriation of development by the beneficiary populations, the strengthening of self-esteem, meritocracy and a motivated attachment to their living environment.

Substantial resources for this ambitious program!

« The Programme, the main components of which I have just unveiled, requires ambitious funding over several years, » said Félix Tshisekedi, aware of these challenges. In the face of such an ambition, the Head of State asks the Government to spare no effort to explore all possible avenues likely to provide the means for this saving action for the people.

It is with this in mind that the last Council of Ministers adopted the hypothesis of a budget reaching the 10 billion mark.

In addition, Félix Tshisekedi intends to engage the country in far-reaching reforms ranging from the rebuilding of the state with justice as the epicentre to the sectors of national life.

This is how he makes his main focus the fight against anti-values, particularly corruption, embezzlement of public funds, tax fraud, smuggling and tribalism. And all means will be used to ensure that all State revenues are channelled into the Public Treasury.

Finally, to make this programme a success, the President of the Republic is counting on the involvement of all his compatriots, beyond the divisions.

Harris Kasongo

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DRC: Economic and financial situation at the heart of a meeting at the World Bank



DRC: Economic and financial situation at the heart of a meeting at the World Bank

The economic situation in DR Congo is the focus of a meeting on Thursday 17 October 2019 at the World Bank’s headquarters in Washington DC. The Minister of Finance, José Sele Yalaghuli, leads the delegation of Congolese experts.

In his presentation, the national silversmith described a macroeconomic framework for DR Congo that has remained stable.

Despite accumulated deficits of 420 billion Congolese francs at the end of September 2019, domestic prices and the exchange rate fluctuated slightly. And at this rate, the Government reports inflation of 4.2% at the end of December 2019, which is below the 7% end of period forecast level.

Referring to the strategic and political orientations of the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Minister Sele Yalaghuli cited in particular the tightening of public spending in order to limit deficits and the subscription of treasury bonds with the ambition of mobilizing 150 billion CDF by the end of 2019 to fill the gaps.

The first results are promising, especially since a small monthly budget surplus was recorded at the end of September 2019.

Moreover, added Sele Yalaghuli, the third orientation concerns the Government’s firm commitment to pursue the implementation of reforms with the support of partners to remove obstacles sector by sector and to be able to remedy them.

With regard to cooperation between the Congo DR and the Bretton Woods institutions. After the break-up of the formal programme with the IMF in 2012, the ongoing recovery strategy of the current discussions is based on two options.

First, the interim program. Then, the formal program. If the first one will cover the preparation period of the second one, the conclusion of the formal programme could take place after the third quarter of 2020.

« This is the right time for the partners of DR Congo to match the real political will of the Congolese national executive to meet one of the aspects of the World Bank’s mandate, namely: the fight against poverty, » José Sele Yalaghuli said, addressing the World Bank delegation led by Jean-Christophe Carret.

With the World Bank, experts from DR Congo are working on preparations and options to initiate disbursement of funds for the Government’s priority sectors on are: basic education and universal health coverage.

This interaction with World Bank teams continued, with Hafez Ghanem, Vice President in charge of the Africa region, as the focus.

Eric TSHIKUMA, from Washington DC

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